Forestry rules protecting scenic corridors, wildlife and old growth may have to be relaxed or abandoned to secure enough timber for a new sawmill in Burns Lake.
British Columbia Liberal MLA John Rustad said that the province’s Burns Lake recovery task force, which began analyzing the timber supply weeks ago, is coming up against some hard numbers.
“It’s going to be very, very difficult,” he said.
Hampton Affiliates held a licence to cut 1.1 million cubic metres before a Jan. 20, 2012 explosion and fire tore through its sawmill, putting 250 out of work.
In addition, Rustad said Burns Lake’s Pinnacle Pellet plant was taking in another 800,000 cubic metres of timber.
Combined, the sawmill and pellet plant require between 1.4 and 1.8 million cubic metres of timber to run.
But in three to ten years, Rustad said the pine-beetle infestation in the lakes timber supply area could drop the allowable cut from two million to just 550,000 cubic metres a year.
“That’s the challenge we’re facing.”
Rustad was quick to add that it makes no sense for Burns Lake to take in timber that has already been allocated to neighbouring areas, such as the Morice. Even switching the small operators who use B.C. Timber Sales over to a rebuilt Hampton Affiliates sawmill would simply spread the shortage in other areas.
Instead, Rustad said the province is taking a hard looking at several forestry rules to free up unallocated timber.
One of the key areas will B.C.’s visual quality objectives—rules that restrict how trees are logged along scenic rivers, lake shores and roadways.
If the province does relax those rules, Rustad said an extra one to three million cubic metres of timber could be freed up along the Smithers to Prince George corridor.
But in the lakes timber supply area alone, he said, the same move would only free up 100,000 cubic metres.
Other constraints the province will look at are rules managing old growth trees more than 140 years old and the winter range of mule deer.
On the deer issue, Rustad wondered if the current protections haven’t already proved too successful.
“I know the farmers would say we’ve got too many deer around at the moment,” he said.
“In any case, we’re going to have to take a hard look at all of those constraints and say what makes sense, what should we keep and what could we look at relaxing or eliminating.”
As well as relaxing those rules, Rustad said the task force is looking at a switch to area-based management for logging companies in the lakes timber supply area.
Since 1999, the province has run pilot projects where loggers are assigned on whole areas to manage, rather than parceled out supply blocks.
That system has seen more intensive harvesting, up to 40 per cent more in some areas.
But switching to area based management would require legislative change, Rustad said, a concern since a Burns Lake rebuild would have to run on tight 18 month time line.
Other options including trucking in some of the 300 million cubic metres of unallocated timber in MacKenzie area or the six million cubic metres under Ootsa Lake.
But both those avenues have been put on hold until lumber prices are higher, Rustad said, although down the road he said the province may require that large forestry companies take some portion of their annual cut from such far off areas to ease pressure on their own mid-term supply.
A sawmill fire and a high rate of beetle killed pine have pushed the lakes timber supply area to the foreground, but Rustad said many other Northwest and interior towns are bound to face the same tough choices.
Visual quality objectives, in particular, have been questioned before, both by the Union of B.C. Municipalities and B.C.’s professional forester’s association.
In November, B.C. professional foresters association published results from a survey that found its members split on axing the scenic objectives.
Some members said cutting them would make the most sense, given that they are the only human-centric objective set by government, while other were concerned about the damage changes may cause B.C.’s tourism industry.